Have you ever wonder what journalism is about? Well, the following are the generally accepted “Five Core Principles of Journalism.” And yes, often media can forget about them. Take Washington Post and New York Times.
Washington Post and New York Times long track record of being anti Clinton is well known, for New York Times to the extent that Esquire Magazine asked when will New York Times get over its problems with the Clinton (source).
However in a society such as America, where Democracy is the tradition, freedom of the press is acceptable. Therefore, for both Washington Post and New York Times to be anti Clinton, while many many not like it, in fact, this is acceptable. However, Washington Post and New York Times, have some problems about the level of “Professionalism” associated to their journalism.
The following are some serious problem with Washington Post and New York Times, about ethics & morality of their journalism.
Media Matters report Washington Post doesn’t disclose writer supporting Syria strike is a lobbyist for Tomahawk Missile Manufacturer (source). Think Progress reports (source) after hyping itself as antidote to fake news, New York Times hires extreme climate denier.
The Five Core Principles of Journalism (source)
Truth and Accuracy
Journalists cannot always guarantee ‘truth’, but getting the facts right is the cardinal principle of journalism. We should always strive for accuracy, give all the relevant facts we have and ensure that they have been checked. When we cannot corroborate information we should say so.
Journalists must be independent voices; we should not act, formally or informally, on behalf of special interests whether political, corporate or cultural. We should declare to our editors – or the audience – any of our political affiliations, financial arrangements or other personal information that might constitute a conflict of interest.
Fairness and Impartiality
Most stories have at least two sides. While there is no obligation to present every side in every piece, stories should be balanced and add context. Objectivity is not always possible, and may not always be desirable (in the face for example of brutality or inhumanity), but impartial reporting builds trust and confidence.
Journalists should do no harm. What we publish or broadcast may be hurtful, but we should be aware of the impact of our words and images on the lives of others.
A sure sign of professionalism and responsible journalism is the ability to hold ourselves accountable. When we commit errors we must correct them and our expressions of regret must be sincere not cynical. We listen to the concerns of our audience. We may not change what readers write or say but we will always provide remedies when we are unfair.
The following is about Washington Post and New York Times
The Washington Post is an American daily newspaper. It is the most widely circulated newspaper published in Washington, D.C., and was founded on December 6, 1877, making it the area’s oldest extant newspaper. In 2017, it adopted the slogan “Democracy Dies in Darkness”.
Located in the capital city of the United States, the newspaper has a particular emphasis on national politics. Daily editions are printed for the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia. The newspaper is published as a broadsheet, with photographs printed both in color and in black and white.
The newspaper has won 47 Pulitzer Prizes. This includes six separate Pulitzers awarded in 2008, the second-highest number ever awarded to a single newspaper in one year, second only to The New York Times‘ seven awards in 2002. Post journalists have also received 18 Nieman Fellowships and 368 White House News Photographers Association awards. In the early 1970s, in the best-known episode in the newspaper’s history, reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein led the American press’ investigation into what became known as the Watergate scandal; reporting in the newspaper greatly contributed to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. In years since, its investigations have led to increased review of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.
In 2013, its longtime owners, the Graham family, sold the newspaper to billionaire entrepreneur and Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos for $250 million in cash. The newspaper is owned by Nash Holdings LLC, a holding company Bezos created for the acquisition.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated NYT and The Times) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 122 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper.
The paper’s print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation. Following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million.
Nicknamed “The Gray Lady“, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national “newspaper of record“. It has been owned by the Ochs-Sulzberger family since 1896; Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr., the publisher of the Times and the chairman of the New York Times Company, is the fourth generation of the family to helm the paper. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition.
The paper’s motto, “All the News That’s Fit to Print”, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has greatly expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials, sports, and features. Since 2008, The New York Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York (metropolitan), Business, Sports of The Times, Arts, Science, Styles, Home, Travel, and other features.
On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review (formerly the Week in Review), The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine (T is published 13 times a year). The New York Times stayed with the broadsheet full page set-up (as some others have changed into a tabloid lay-out) and an eight-column format for several years, after most papers switched to six, and was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography, especially on the front page.