Russia Assertiveness: Harvard International Review Looks at Root Cause

The Resistance News

February 16, 2017

Harvard International Review (Source) on “Russia’s Recent Assertiveness, Western Response, and What the Future May Hold.” The assertiveness is to establish Russia as a first class global super-power, that can compete with the West. Within the West, there is America & leading America, is Trump, where Putin and Trump, are into each other, and both are galvanizing towards extreme “Authoritarianism.”

Harvard Reports:

In order to provide an answer to those questions, it is crucial to grasp the nature of the disagreement between Russia and the Western countries, which pre-dated the Ukraine crisis. After all, the Crimea takeover did not destroy a perfectly functioning relationship, but rather brought down an edifice of Western-Russian relations which had already been badly damaged. Most importantly, even before the Maidan revolution started in Kyiv, there had been a rapidly growing gap regarding Russian and Western views on the nature of the regional security order in Europe.

According to the Western countries, the European security order, formulated in the early years after the end of the Cold War, was based on the premise of Russia subscribing to the international rules of behavior inspired by democratic ideals, including the freedom of all countries in the area to shape their foreign policy choices and alliances. For the West, the 1975 Helsinki Final Act, the principles of the 1990 Charter of Paris for a New Europe, and the “Europe whole and free and at peace” vision remained an uncontested foundation of security in Europe and on Europe’s peripheries.

A competing narrative about the regional order gained recognition in Russia. According to the Russian version of history, the post-Cold War order in Europe was built according to a Western design, and imposed on Moscow during the period of its weakness in the 1990s. From the Russian viewpoint, NATO and EU enlargement, as well as the development of cooperation between Western countries and former parts of the Soviet Union neighboring Russia, amounted to an encroachment on Russia’s legitimate security interests. Moscow considered the western discourse about principles and values underpinning the European security order as a cynical cover for pursuing Western interests, with interventions in Kosovo and Libya, as well as support for the Maidan revolution in Ukraine, seen as examples of Western duplicity.

As a result, the existing formats of interactions between the EU and Russia, or between NATO and Russia, started to crumble down. The West was increasingly uneasy about internal developments in Russia and about Moscow’s increased criticism of its actions in the common neighborhood, yet continued with its Eastern policy and hoped for Russia to change. The Russians were bitterly disillusioned, and decided that the only way to change the rules of the game to the ones more beneficial to Moscow was through radical actions. That included, as one Russian expert put it, responding to the West in “the only language that gets Western attention,” the language of force.

The following are some links:

Explaining Russian assertiveness | IRRUSSIANALITY

https://irrussianality.wordpress.com/…/explaining-russianassertiveness/

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eastwestaccord.com/russianassertiveness-foreign-policy/

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http://www.cfr.org/world/russiasassertive-foreign-policy-part…/p18678

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Russia and the West: Russia’s Recent Assertiveness, Western …

hir.harvard.edu › 37(4) Fall 2016

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[DOC]Russia’s Consensus on International Assertiveness and

online.sfsu.edu/andrei/…/PPC%20Russian%20Assertvness%20Jan08.doc

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cenaa.org/…/leadership-change-in-russia-shift-towards-a-more-assertive-…

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Leadership Change in Russia: Shift Towards a More Assertive Foreign Policy? … Russia is part of the greater world, with a unique role on the world political map …

Russia’s Foreign Policy Assertiveness and What’s Behind It | Wilson …

https://www.wilsoncenter.org/…/russias-foreign-policy-assertiveness-and…

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22 พ.ค. 2549 – Tsygankov stated that Russia’s foreign policy is non-confrontational and should … A second factor for Russia’s international assertiveness is the …

 

Aspirations to Great Power Status: Russia’s Path to Assertiveness in …

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U.S. Intelligence Chief: IS, ‘Assertive’ Russia Among Unprecedented …

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From Assertiveness to Aggression: 2014 as a watershed year for …

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Corporate Governance in Russia

Daniel J. McCarthy, ‎Sheila M. Puffer, ‎Stanislav V. Shekshnia – 2004 – ‎Business & Economics

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Aspirations to Great Power Status: Russia’s Path to Assertiveness in …

psw.sagepub.com/content/early/…/1478929915623967.full.pdf+htmlแปลหน้านี้

6 เม.ย. 2559 – chart the path towards assertiveness in Putin’s quest to put Russia again on the map as a great power. Allison R (2013) Russia, the West, and …

Abstract

journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1478929915623967แปลหน้านี้

19 เม.ย. 2559 – This article focuses on the literature developed in the last few years on Russia’s foreign policy by exploring six books which can be thought as …

top-nato-official-assertive-russia-threatens-european-security

24 ก.พ. 2559 – But speaking in Brussels on Tuesday, the official said he believes that a “newlyassertiveRussia had “destabilized” European security.

Assessing Assertions of Assertiveness: The Chinese and Russian Cases

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Europe Curbing Defense Cuts to Counter ‘More Assertive Russia …

28 ม.ค. 2559 – BRUSSELS—Russia’s will to “change borders in the east” has helped reduce defense-spending cuts among the European members of the …

After Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain

Stephen K. Wegren, ‎Dale R. Herspring – 2009 – ‎Political Science

Putin’s speech at the Munich Conference on Security Policy in February 2007 became a high point inRussia’s new assertiveness, at which he was extremely …

 

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