I live in a country that has never been “Colonized” before. All other countries around this country had been colonized. But in this country, for 100s of years, mostly, there never had been democracy, freedom and liberty of the individuals, or justice. The country is held together by a hierarchy, sort of like the ancient Egypt of high-up people and people at various level to the bottom. Once in a while there will be a massacre of the people, there is always dissidents being rounded-up and the rich and poor gap is massive. There is little social justice.
All the signs were there of the country being under “Coloniealism.” But ths discussions on this country, was not about the country being “Colonized” from external powers like America or Europeans, but “Internal Colonization.”
A few days before the latest Venezuela election, that many saw the weakening of Chavism coming, China and Venezuela launched a campaign, to promote new agreement between the two countries, perhaps as an attempt to prop up Chavismo, with promises of China’s money to rescue Venezuella’s tanking economy (see here on overall Venezuella China relations).
Of course, Chavismo is a branch of the Progressive, meaning Socialist Democrat, but veers off into conflicting to Progressive principles, of “Strong Nationalism” and with elements of the USSR’s Internationalist, and went around, destroying Democratic Principles, with a nast crackdown and Orwell’s 1984, mind control. So in sum, while it looks like a Progressive Movement, Chavismo, is just a “Tyranical Movement” with the trappings of Progressive.
For me as a Progressive, when I saw the China and Venezuela, agreement move, ahead of the latest election, obviously, to boost Chavismo, I gave up on Chavismo, as being “Hypocritical.”
The fact is that, China, is occupying several independent countries, like Tibet and internally, China is, not just a one party system that is non-democratic, but oppressive and suppressive.
As related to Venezuella here, on China’s oppression and suppressions, for example, Chavism, is also about Feminism, but China treats women rights defender in China, very badly.
From the Wikipedia:
Chavism (Spanish chavismo)
Chavism (Spanish chavismo) is a left-wing political ideology based on the ideas, programs and government style associated with the former president of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez. It combines elements of socialism, left-wing populism, patriotism, internationalism, bolivarianism, feminism, green politics, and Caribbean and Latin American integration.
Chavista is a term to describe strong supporters of Chavez, which is closely associated with support for Chavismo.
Several political parties in Venezuela support chavismo. The main party, founded and led by Chávez, is the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Spanish: Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, usually referred to by the four letters, PSUV). Other parties and movements supporting chavismo include Homeland for All (Spanish: Patria Para Todos or PPT), and Tupamaros.
Broadly, chavismo policies include nationalization, social welfare programs, and opposition to neoliberalism (particularly the policies of the IMF and the World Bank). According to Hugo Chávez, Venezuelan socialism accepts private property, but this socialism seeks to promote social property too. Chavismo also support participatory democracy and workplace democracy. In January 2007, Chávez proposed to build the communal state, whose main idea is to build self-government institutions like communal councils, communes, and communal cities.
According to political scientist John Magdaleno, the number of Venezuelans who define themselves as “Chavistas” has declined since the death of Hugo Chávez and the deterioration of the economy during Nicolás Maduro’s tenure, from 44% in October 2012 to around 22% in December 2014. In February 2014, a poll conducted by International Consulting Services, an organization created by Dr. Juan Vicente Scorza, a sociologist and anthropologist for the National Experimental University of the Armed Forces, found that 62% of Venezuelans consider themselves supporters or followers of the ideals of Hugo Chávez.
In The Weekly Standard in 2005, Thor Halvorssen Mendoza described the core of Chavismo as a “far-reaching foreign policy that aims to establish a loosely aligned federation of revolutionary republics as a resistance bloc in the Americas”.
In 2006, Noam Chomsky expressed a certain degree of support for Chavez and his policies, saying that he was “quite interested” by his policies and that he regarded “many of them” as “quite constructive”. He noted that most importantly, Chavez seemed to enjoy overwhelming support from his people after “six closely supervised elections”.
According to an article in the New York Sun, Chavezism was rejected in elections around 2006 in Peru, Colombia, and Mexico, and El Universal reported that former Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva kept distance from Chavezism, saying that Brazil is not Venezuela, and has traditional institutions. Still, Lula supported Hugo Chávez in the Venezuelan presidential election of 2012 and also supported Nicolás Maduro in Venezuelan presidential election of 2013 and led his own political ideology.
The Nation noted on its editorial pages that:
“Chavismo is not an adequate description of the social movement that makes up Chávez’s political base, since many organizations predate his rise to political power, and their leaders and cadre have a sophisticated understanding of their relationship with Chávez. Over the last couple of years, a number of social scientists have done field work in urban barrios, and their findings confirm that this synergy between the central government and participatory local organizations has expanded, not restricted, debate and that democracy is thriving in Venezuela.
Chavismo has ripped open the straitjacket of post-cold war Latin American discourse, particularly the taboo against government regulation of the economy and economic redistribution. Public policy, including economic policy, is now open to discussion and, importantly, popular influence. This is in sharp contrast to Costa Rica, where a few months ago its Supreme Court, with the support of its executive branch, prohibited public universities from not just opposing but even debating the Central American Free Trade Agreement, which soon won a national referendum by a razor-thin margin.”
In February 2014, about a year following Hugo Chávez’s death, The Atlantic stated that:
“Hugo Chávez based his popularity on his extraordinary charisma, lots of discretionary money, and a key and well-tested political message: denouncing the past and promising a better future for all. The country’s widespread student protests now symbolize the demise of this message. Venezuelans younger than 30 years of age (the majority of the population) have not known any government other than that of Chávez or Maduro. For them, “Chavismo” is the past. As for the promises of a better future: The results are in. The catastrophic consequences of Chávez’s 21st Century Socialism are impossible to mask any longer and the government has run out of excuses. Blaming the CIA, the “fascist opposition,” or “dark international forces,” as Maduro and his allies customarily do, has become fodder for parodies flooding YouTube. The concrete effects of 15 years of Chavismo are all too visible in empty shelves and overflowing morgues.”
In 2015 when Foreign Policy was speaking about corruption in Latin America, it was stated that:
“The viceroys of the colonial era set the pattern. They centralised power and bought the loyalty of local interest groups. … Caudillos, dictators and elected presidents continued the tradition of personalising power. Venezuela’s chavismo and the kirchnerismo of Ms Fernández are among today’s manifestations.”
China–Venezuela relations became increasingly significant during the Presidency of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela and the tenure of Hu Jintao as the leader of the People’s Republic of China. Sino-Venezuelan trade was less than $500m per year before 1999, and reached $7.5bn in 2009, making China Venezuela’s second-largest trade partner, and Venezuela is China’s biggest investment destination in Latin America. Various bilateral deals have seen China invest billions in Venezuela, and Venezuela increase exports of oil and other resources to China.
In September 2008, Venezuela signed a series of energy co-operation deals with China with the President of Venezuela stating that oil exports could rise threefold by 2012, to 1 million barrels per day (160,000 m3/d). However, by 2012, underinvestment in the oil sector meant that only 640,000 barrels of oil a day were exported to China and 200,000 of those simply went to service Venezuela’s huge debts to China.
Further trade agreements worth $12bn were signed in February 2009, and Venezuela’s first cell phone factory, built with Chinese support, was inaugurated. Oil exports to China are set to increase substantially. In February 2009 Venezuela and China agreed to double their joint investment fund to $12 billion and signed agreements to boost co-operation which include increasing oil exports from Venezuela, China’s fourth biggest oil provider. An oil refinery is planned be built in China to handle Venezuelan heavy crude from the Orinoco basin. “It is part of a strategic alliance” Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said, after meeting the visiting Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping who stated that “our co-operation is highlybeneficial”.
In 2009, China entered into a partnership with Venezuela to launch a railway company in Venezuela which will be 40% controlled by the China Railways Engineering Corporation (CREC) and the remainder by Venezuela. Venezuela outlined the role of the venture as one which would link Venezuela’s oil producing regions and agricultural farming areas. In September 2009 Venezuela announced a new $16bn deal with China to drill for oil in a joint venture with PDVSA to produce 450,000 barrels per day (72,000 m3/d) of extra heavy crude. Hugo Chavez stated that “In addition, there will be a flood of technology into the country, with China going to build drilling platforms, oil rigs, railroads, houses.”. In September 2013, China decided to lend $50bn over 5 years to finance 201 housing projects in Venezuela.
In 2008 the governments of Venezuela and the People’s Republic of China launched their first joint space satellite, named Venesat-1. Venezuela’s leader Hugo Chavez said the satellite would be a tool of integration for Latin America and the Caribbean regions by saying “This satellite is not for us but for the people of Latin America and the Caribbean. It is a further step towards independence,” he said, adding that the project would break the mold of “technological illiteracy.”
Also established are military-technological ties with the acquisition of two squadrons (24) of Chinese-built Karakorum-8 trainer jets and ground radars, signalling a greater Chinese involvement in Latin America.
Venezuela has also embarked on a programme of cultural and scientific exchange with China.