Asia does not want a Chinese “Hegemony” & wants a “Multi-Polar Asia” according to results of a recent meeting between India & Japan, according to a Wall Street Journal report of the meeting.
China’s power flexing, i.e. over the South China Sea dispute, saying the entire South China Seas belongs to China, have already seen ASEAN, being polarized into no-action, as fractions in ASEAN, counter the other, into having no power left, to deal with China.
Hegemony is the geopolitical method of indirect imperial dominance, such as what China is doing in the Pacific Ocean, claiming the entire South China Sea belongs to China, dispite, countering claims from many countries in ASEAN, such as Vietnam and Philippines (see here on China strategy to dominate Asia).
And apart from China’s Hegemony, China has a history of Colonization, such as occupying the independent country, i.e. Tibet, and China is a one party country, with no democracy, that relies on oppression & suppression, of human rights and freedom, internally, to remain in control.
From Africa to Latin America & Caribbean, which have felt the impact of European Colonization in the distance past and USA Hegemony, in recent past, in seeking alternative relations, should not let themselves fall under China’s Hegemony.
In fact, from Africa to Latin America and the Caribbeans, these region should safe-guard their independence, including being cautious that having an arms-lenghts relationship with USA and European Powers, if that is the stratgic choice, does not lead them, into serving and being under China’s interest and rule.
Paul Godwin gives a brief introduction to China:
In the late 1970s, Deng Xiaoping initiated the reform programs that were to end the internal chaos generated by Mao Zedong’s obsessions and China’s self-imposed isolation from the world. The success of Deng’s reforms and his strategy of ‘opening China to the world’’ have transformed the People’s Republic of China (PRC) into a major player in world politics. Deng’s market-oriented reforms resulted in a booming economy and made China a significant global trading country. His comprehensive defense modernization programs are reconstructing the once lumbering, obsolescent People’s Liberation Army (the PLA—as the services and branches are collectively named) into a modern defense force.
The benefits accruing to China from Deng’s reform programs were complemented by the Cold War’s end, the dissolution of the USSR, and Beijing’s diplomatic efforts to establish working, if not cordial, relations with its Asian neighbors. The combined effect of internal reforms, major changes in the international environment and Beijing’s diplomatic activism has made China more integrated with Asia and the world, and militarily more secure than at any time in the past 150 years.
This transformation has added real gravitas to China’s pre-existing status as a veto-wielding permanent member of the UN Security Council.
Few doubt that China is a now great power. China’s population and land area are huge, and its geopolitical location means that no part of Asia—northeast, southeast, south, central and northern—is without a Chinese presence or interest.
The slowing Chinese economy, not Japan’s, which remains mired in the economic doldrumy, is still the engine of Asia’s economic growth. China’s defense establishment, although far from the most modern in the region, is large and undergoing a systemic modernization of its air, naval, and ground forces. Although India and Pakistan weaponized their nuclear programs in 1998, China holds Asia’s only operational combination of strategic, regional and possibly tactical nuclear weapons, and these systems are also in the midst of modernization programs.
Latin America and the Caribbean should be wary of what China is doing in Asia, namely, occupying many countries, such as Tibet and is cracking down on all religion, such as Catholic and other minor religious beliefs. Furthermore, China is internally oppressive and suppressive of its people.
In Asia, Abe-Modi deals shows Asia’s top powers moving to keep rising China in check, in a biggest step by India and Japan yet, in an economics and high speed rail deal worth US$ billions. The move comes on top of closer India, Japan & USA military ties, in patrolling the Indian Ocean, where China is seeking to establish a base for naval operation.
Bloomberg reports (source)
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe reached a slew of agreements in New Delhi over the weekend that underscore how their personal chemistry is translating into ever-warmer economic, military and strategic ties. The steps are designed to ensure that the rise of China, the top trading partner for both nations, doesn’t come at the expense of smaller economies in the region.
“Modi and Abe are telegraphing a striking message: We’re taking this relationship to the next level, even at the risk of roiling China,” said Michael Kugelman, senior associate at the Woodrow Wilson Center.
Modi and Abe, whose personal ties date back to 2007, are both seen as conservative nationalists seeking to overhaul their economies and strengthen their militaries. Japan offers deep pockets, and India presents a growing market with a population set to overtake China as the world’s largest in 2022.
Abe has shifted Japan away from seven decades of postwar pacifism to empower the Self-Defense Forces, while Modi is investing more than $60 billion in India’s navy to deter China from establishing a foothold in the Indian Ocean. Those actions support U.S. goals to rally Asian nations against China’s efforts to control more of the South China Sea, which carries about a third of global trade.
“I cannot think of a strategic partnership that can exercise a more profound influence on shaping the course of Asia and our interlinked ocean regions more than ours,” Modi said at a joint news conference with Abe on Saturday. “In a world of intense international engagements, few visits are truly historic or change the course of a relationship. Your visit, Mr. Prime Minister, is one.”
Among the highlights of Abe’s three-day visit that ended on Sunday:
A $15 billion deal for Japan to help build India’s first high-speed rail link.
A breakthrough on nuclear energy cooperation that paves the way for companies such as Westinghouse Electric Co. and General Electric Co. to sell equipment to India.
¥1.5 trillion ($12.4 billion) in Japanese financing and export insurance to spur investment in India.
Defense agreements aimed at containing China’s expansion in regional waters.
Japanese funds to build roads in India’s northeast, where one state is claimed by China.